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加拿大公民入籍考试试题收集(1-10)中英文对照

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作为加拿大移民系统改革的一部分,联邦公民及移民部于2009年11月12日正式发布了新一版的公民入籍考试参考指南《Discover Canada – The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship》(发现加拿大:公民权利与义务)。同时宣布,从2010年3月开始,公民入籍考试将以这份新版指南为基础出题。以下是根据旧版指南《A Look at Canada》整理的考试题目。

1、Who are the Aboriginal peoples in Canada ?
加拿大的土著民族是谁?
Aboriginal peoples were the first people to live in Canada.
土著民族是最早居住在加拿大的人。

2、What are the three main groups of Aboriginal peoples ?
加拿大土著民族有哪三大主要群体?
First Nations, Inuit, Metis. (The group we once called “Indians” are now known as “First Nations”)。
第一民族、因纽特人、美地人。(我们曾称之为“印第安人”的群体现在被称为“第一民族”)。

3、In which parts of Canada did the Aboriginal peoples first live ?
加拿大的土著民族最早居住在加拿大的哪些地区?
The Aboriginal people lived in every region of Canada.
土著人散居于加拿大各个地区。

4、What did the Aboriginal peoples living in your region depend on for survival ?
你所在地区的土著民族为生存依赖于什么?
The Aboriginal people in Central & Eastern region (Ontario and Quebec) depended on hunting and growing vegetable crops for survival.
居住在中部和东部地区(安大略省和魁北克省)的土著人依赖于狩猎和种植蔬菜作物来维持生计。

5、From whom are the Metis descended ?
美地人的祖先是谁?
Many of the early French fur traders and some English traders married First Nations women. Their children and descendants are the Metis people.
许多早期的法国皮毛贸易商和一些英国贸易商娶了第一民族的妇女。他们的子孙就是美地人。

6、In what industry did the Metis first work with European settlers ?
美地人最初与欧洲移民合作从事哪个行业?
Fur trade.
皮革贸易。

7、Which group of Aboriginal peoples make up more than half of the population in the Northwest Territories ?
在西北地区,哪个土著民族群体占人口的一半以上?
Inuit.
烟劳人。

8、 Why are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada working to be self-governed ?
加拿大的土著民族为何努力实现自治?
They are working to keep their unique cultures and languages alive. They want to regain control over decisions that affect their lives.
他们致力于保持其独特的文化和语言。他们希望重新获得对影响他们生活的决策的掌控权。

9、 From where did the first European settlers in Canada come ?
加拿大的第一批欧洲移民来自哪里?
France & England.
法国和英格兰。

10、 Why did early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada ?
早期探险家最初为何来到大西洋加拿大?
They first came to Atlantic Canada to fish and trade with Aboriginal peoples.
他们最初来到大西洋加拿大是为了捕鱼并与土著民族进行贸易。

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