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加拿大入籍考试题目精华 – 制度

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What will you promise when you take the Oath of Citizenship ?I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Canada, Her Heirs and Successors, and that I will faithfully observe the laws of Canada and fulfill my duties as a Canadian citizen.

当您宣誓入籍时,您将作出以下承诺:我将忠诚并真实效忠于女王伊丽莎白二世,加拿大女王,她的继任者和继承人,并且我将忠实遵守加拿大的法律,履行我作为加拿大公民的责任。


What are three key facts about Canada’s system of government? A federal state, a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.

加拿大政府体制的三个关键事实是:联邦制、议会民主和君主立宪制。


What is the government of all of Canada called? Federal

所有加拿大的政府统称为联邦政府。


What are the three branches of Canadian government? Executive, Legislative, Judicial (courts)  

加拿大政府有三个分支:行政、立法和司法(法院)。


What are the three levels of government? federal and provincial, Local or municipal government

加拿大的政府体系有三个层级:联邦、省级,以及地方或市级政府。


What is meant by the term “responsible government”?  This means that the ministers of the Crown must have the support of a majority of the elected representatives in order to govern.

“负责任政府”的意思是,皇室大臣必须得到大多数选举代表的支持才能执政。


The role of the opposition party The opposition party with the most members of the House of Commons is the Official Opposition or Her Majesty’s Loyal Opposition. The role of opposition parties is to peacefully oppose or try to improve government proposals. The other parties that are not in power are known as opposition parties. There are four major political parties currently represented in the House of Commons: the Bloc Québécois, Conservative Party, Liberal Party and New Democratic Party.

在众议院中拥有最多成员的反对党被称为“正式反对党”或“陛下的忠诚反对党”。反对党的角色是和平地反对或试图改善政府的提案。那些不掌握权力的其他政党被称为反对党。目前在众议院中有四个主要政党:魁北克国会党、保守党、自由党和新民主党。


How does Canada’s legal system based on? It is based on Rule of law, freedom under the law, democratic principles and due process.

加拿大的法律体系建立在法治、法下自由、民主原则和正当程序的基础上。


What does it mean to say that Canada is a constitutional monarchy?

Canada is personified by the Sovereign just as the Sovereign is personified by Canada. The Sovereign is a part of Parliament, playing an important, non-partisan role as the focus of citizenship and allegiance, symbol of Canadian sovereignty, guardian of constitutional freedoms, reflection of our history and an encouragement for Canadians to give their best to their country

说加拿大是君主立宪制意味着什么?

加拿大被君主所具象,就如同君主被加拿大所具象一样。君主是议会的一部分,以公民身份和效忠的焦点,作为加拿大主权的象征,宪法自由的守护者,我们历史的反映,也是鼓励加拿大人为他们的国家尽最大努力的重要非党派角色。


What does Confederation mean? The joining of provinces to become a new country.

联邦制是什么意思?是指各省份加入形成一个新国家的过程。


Canada‘s constitution was founded on what principle?– ‘Peace, Order and Good Government’

加拿大宪法的基础原则是“和平、秩序和善政”。


What is the Canadian Constitution? A system of laws and conventions which our country governs itself by

加拿大宪法是什么?
是一个我们国家依靠的法律和惯例体系。


Name two fundamental freedoms protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

列举加拿大《权利与自由宪章》保护的两项基本自由。

Freedom of religion 宗教自由

Freedom of thought 思想自由

Freedom of belief 信仰自由

Freedom of opinion 意见自由

Freedom of expression 言论自由


Name four (4) fundamental freedoms that Canadians enjoy?

列举加拿大人享有的四项基本自由。

Freedom of conscience and religion; 宗教和信仰自由

Freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of speech and of the press; 思想,信仰,观点和表达自由,包括新闻和言论自由

Freedom of peaceful assembly; and和平集会的自由

Freedom of association. 结社自由


Identify four (4) rights that Canadians enjoy.

指出加拿大人享有的四项权利。

Mobility Rights — Canadians can live and work anywhere they choose in Canada, enter and leave the country freely, and apply for a passport.

流动权-加拿大人可以选择在加拿大任何地方居住和工作,自由进入和离开该国,并申请护照。

Aboriginal Peoples’ Rights — The rights guaranteed in the Charter will not adversely affect any treaty or other rights or freedoms of Aboriginal peoples.

土著人民权利-土著人民在宪章中被保障享有的权利将不会受到任何条约或其他权利或自由的不利影响。

Official Language Rights and Minority

少数民族

Language Educational Rights — French and English have equal status in Parliament and throughout the government.

官方语言的权利和少数民族语言教育的权利-法语和英语在国会和各地政府具有平等的地位。

Multiculturalism — A fundamental characteristic of the Canadian heritage and identity. Canadians celebrate the gift of one another’s presence and work hard to respect pluralism and live in harmony.

多元文化主义-加拿大遗产和身份的基本特征。加拿大人庆祝以彼此存在为礼物,并努力致力于尊重多元化和和睦相处。


What are some of the duties and responsibilities of Canadian citizen

Serve on jury, work, obey the law, take care of one’s family

加拿大公民的一些责任和义务是什么?

参与陪审团服务,工作,遵守法律,照顾家人。


What are some of the sources of our rights and responsibilities

Our history, laws, tradition and values

我们权利和责任的一些来源是什么?

我们的历史、法律、传统和价值观。


Which legal document recognizes the cultural diversity of Canadians

哪一个法律文件承认加拿大多元文化?

The Canadian Multiculturalism Act.

加拿大多元文化条约。


Which legal documents protect the official language rights of Canadians

哪一份法律文件保障加拿大官方语言的权利?

The Canadian Constitution and the Official Languages Act.

加拿大宪法及官方语言条约。


The form of government in Canada is:Federal State, Parliamentary Democracy, Constitutional Monarchy

加拿大的政府形式是:联邦制、议会民主、君主立宪。


Which is not citizen responsibility – learn both official languages

哪项不是公民的责任 – 学习两种官方语言。


Function of the police? enforce and uphold the law

警察的职能是什么?执行和维护法律。


What is the role of the courts in Canada?  settle disputes

在加拿大,法院的角色是什么?解决纠纷。


How senator is chosen – on the advice of prime minister

参议员是如何被选出的 – 由总理建议。


What is Sovereign(Queen) role?

Non partisan

role as the focus of Citizenship and allegiance.

君主(女王)的角色是什么?

非党派

作为公民身份和效忠的焦点。


What the Canadian Crown is a symbol of Canada The answer was because Canada is a constitutional monarch

加拿大皇冠是加拿大的象征,答案是因为加拿大是君主立宪国家。


Who is Canada’s Head of State? A hereditary Sovereign (Queen or King).

谁是加拿大的国家元首?一个世袭的君主(女王或国王)。


What is the difference between the role of the Queen and that of the Prime Minister? 女王总理的区别?There is a clear distinction in Canada between the head of state — the Sovereign — and the head of government — the Prime Minister, who actually directs the governing of the country.

女王和总理的角色有什么区别?在加拿大,国家元首(君主)与政府首脑(总理)之间存在明确的区分。君主是国家元首,而总理实际上指导国家的治理。


What do you call the Queen’s representative in the provinces and territories ?

Lieutenant-Governors (in province)

Commissioner (in territories)

你如何称呼女王在各省和地区的代表?
在省份中是副总督,
在地区中是专员。


What is a Cabinet Minister? MP selected by the Prime Minister to run federal departments.

什么是内阁部长?是总理选中的国会议员,负责领导联邦政府部门。


What are the three parts of Parliament? The Queen/ Sovereign, the Senate and the House of Commons

议会有哪三个部分?女王/君主、参议院和众议院。


What does it mean when we say that Canada is a federal state? That the federal government takes responsibility for national and international matters, while the provinces are responsible for other matters, such as health and education

当我们说加拿大是一个联邦国家时,这意味着联邦政府负责国家和国际事务,而省份负责其他事务,如卫生和教育。


What are the federal government responsibilities? Foreign Policy, defense, citizenship.

联邦政府的责任是什么?外交政策、国防、公民事务。


Which of the followings are the responsibilities of provincial government?  Education, health care, natural resources and policing.

以下哪些是省级政府的责任?教育、医疗保健、自然资源和警务。

Which of the followings are the responsibilities of Municipal Gov. Firefighting & Garbage Disposal/ Social and community Health, snow removal and transportation. /urban or regional planning, streets and roads, sanitation (such as garbage removal), snow removal, firefighting, ambulance and other emergency services, recreation facilities, urban transit and some local health and social services. Building regulations

以下哪些是地方政府的责任?消防和垃圾处理/社会和社区卫生、清雪和交通/城市或区域规划、街道和道路、卫生设施(如垃圾清理)、雪后清理、消防、救护车和其他紧急服务、娱乐设施、城市交通以及一些地方卫生和社会服务。建筑法规。


What level of government passes “by-laws”? Municipal or local government.

哪个层级的政府颁布“附例”?是地方政府。


Our legal system is based on Equality before law and freedom under law

我们的法律体系基于法律面前人人平等和法律下的自由。


Why presumption of innocence is important? It meaning everyone is innocent until proven guilty.

为什么无罪推定原则很重要?这意味着每个人在被证明有罪之前都被视为无辜。


What do we pledge when taking Oath I swear (or affirm) That I will be faithful And bear true allegiance忠诚To Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second 陛下 Queen of Canada Her Heirs and Successors And that I will faithfully observe The laws of Canada And fulfil my duties as a Canadian citizen.

在宣誓时,我们发誓(或宣誓):

我将忠诚并真实效忠于女王伊丽莎白二世,加拿大女王,她的继承人和继任者,并且我将忠实遵守加拿大的法律,履行我作为加拿大公民的责任。


How many judges are there in the Supreme Court of Canada? 9

加拿大最高法院有多少法官?9名。


The right to challenge unlawful detention by the state is called Habeas corpus

挑战国家非法拘留的权利被称为“人身保护令”。


Which right do Canadian citizens have? To be given peference for certain jobs.

加拿大公民有哪些权利?优先考虑某些工作。

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